Incumbent

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The incumbent is the current holder of a political office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the Sanctarian general election of 2018, Mark Kindle was the incumbent, because he had been the prime minister in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.