|The Kingdom of Legionas|
Motto: In Varietate Concordia
United in Diversity
Anthem: God Save the King
The Kingdom of Legionas in 2020
|Recognised national languages||Ermizi|
• Prime Minister
|Assembly of Representatives|
• The Eight Kingdoms
• The Great Game
• The Union of the Crowns
• Era of Expansionism
• Legionite Civil War
• The Great War
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
• 2013 census
|136/km2 (352.2/sq mi)|
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
• Per capita
|Time zone||West Legionas Time (GMT +5), East Legionas Time (GMT +6)|
|Drives on the||left|
|Patron saints||St. Louis, The Virgin of Amristhal|
The Kingdom of Legionas, simply known as Legionas, is a sovereign nation in the International Democratic Union located in East Catica bordered by three nations namely Arizcara to the North, Arcadia Dazeber to the West and Xiomera to the East as well as maritime borders with the Aegir Sea exclusively utilized by Legionas, Nereus Sea shared with Xiomera and Eiria and Horadam Sea shared with Arcadia-Dazeber. Legionas has a few international territories namely the Indigo Islands, Shizizhen-a legation city in the Allied Cities dependent on Legionas- and the Aisia Naval base as well as the Richards AirForce Base located in South Eastern Zerphique.
With its eight regions and one Federal Capital Territory containing an estimated population of over 140 million residents, it is considered an economic ,social and political powerhouse in the region. The capital, Aunistria, was officially proclaimed on the 11th of October 2019 after over a decade of planning and development. The largest city and former capital, Bayview, is considered the gateway into Legionas and with a population of 6.5 million in the city and adjacent suburbs and 18 million in the metropolitan area, is one of the largest cities in the entire IDU. Other cities that have populations of 3+ million residents include Moense, Wasedron and Verdesia. Verdesia was the first capital of Legionas when it proclaimed independence in 1776 and is still the seat of the royal family, The House of Verdesia. The population is mostly situated on he coast but the inland population has grown exponentially over the last 50 years as a result of a government initiative to populate the sparsely populated interior as well as decongest the coastal cities. As of 2019, around 62% of the population resides on the coast and the other 38% resides in the interior. The interior is mostly dominated by mountains, forests and the Smirnya Valley.
Little is known of the history of the tribes that inhabited Legionas and various archaeological sites are dotted around the country which are being studied to this day. The East Catican kingdoms of the Middle Ages interacted widely with other nations, with trade being the primary factor. The Kingdoms soon entered a series of conflicts for superiority, summarized by historians as the Great Game. Only two kingdoms came out on top, the Kingdom of the Ermizi and the Kingdom of Merdeva, who through diplomacy and warfare had managed to subjugate their weaker neighbors. This status quo remained as such for
The economy of Legionas was dominated by natural resources for centuries and small arms manufacturing for its own needs. After the Legionas Civil War, the powers of the Monarchy were severely diminished and large scale public works, industrialization and business-friendly legislation has led to the economic miracle that the Federation experienced from the early 20th century to the beginning of the 21st century. The Golden Age of Legionas is widely believed to be now as, thanks to the work of the leaders of the 20th century, the Kingdom is one of, if not, the most dominant nations in Catica and the entire International Democratic Union.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 2.1 Early History
- 2.2 Early Middle Ages
- 2.3 Age of the Eight Kingdoms
- 2.4 Age of Humiliation
- 2.5 Independence and Outward Expansion
- 2.6 The Early 20th Century
- 2.7 The Golden Twenties
- 2.7.1 Tensions in the Kingdom
- 2.7.2 The Legionite Civil War
- 188.8.131.52 Preceding events
- 184.108.40.206 Outbreak of the war
- 220.127.116.11 The Imzatrean Communists
- 18.104.22.168 The Fascist Consolidation in the West
- 22.214.171.124 The Democrats and the Monarchists Unite
- 126.96.36.199 The War in the Seas
- 188.8.131.52 Northern Offensive
- 184.108.40.206 The Unholy War
- 220.127.116.11 The United Western Push
- 18.104.22.168 The Communist Capitulation
- 22.214.171.124 The end of the Southern War
- 126.96.36.199 The Second Battle of Vraqi Pass
- 188.8.131.52 The Northern Offensives
- 184.108.40.206 Capitulation of the Fascists
- 220.127.116.11 The Trials of Dishonor
- 2.8 Reconstruction Era
- 2.9 The World War
- 2.10 Reconstruction Era
- 2.11 The Late 20th Century
- 2.12 The Early 21st Century
- 2.13 Modern Day Legionas
- 3 Geography, Climate and Environment
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Government
- 8 Politics
- 9 Foreign Affairs
- 10 Military
- 11 Culture
While many theories surmise as to the etymological origins of Legionas, the name is now accepted as coming from the Latin and Merdevan words Terra Legiaris , referring to the landmass where the nation lies. At unification the name Legionas was decided upon to unite the two kingdoms. The standard way to refer to someone from Legionas is Legionite, although Legionasian is also acceptable and used interchangeably.
(UNDER EXTENSIVE REWORK)
Fossils found in Legionas in the early 20th Century indicate that early humans roamed the area more than 50,000 years ago. Findings in the Smirnya Valley in 1905 show that small-scale settlements were common around 12000 years ago. Between 2000 B.C to 500 B.C an early Ermizi city known as Andernach dominated the northern region of Legionas until its collapse due to diseases brought by traders of unknown origin. The early Ermizi and Legisatto settlements mostly focused on trade, agriculture, nomadism and primitive blacksmithing.
Early Middle Ages
The early middle ages marked the beginning of territorial consolidation on Terra Legiaris, with dozens of rulers trying their best to carve out their own states. Wars and territorial conflict were the order of the day, during a period most Legionite historians dub as The Bloody Ages. During the time period, small settlements grew into large market and feudal centres, with a dozen or so becoming city-states such as Kiraçan. The Merdevan Tribes to the north fought brutal wars of subjugation, while the Ermizi to the East clashed with the Telucti Chiefdoms and the Mërso Raiders. The time period also saw the large scale adoption of feudalism on Terra Legiaris, which also corresponed with the development of mining of precious metals such as Gold and silver as well as the Horadam Road.
Age of the Eight Kingdoms
The Bloody Ages concluded with the emergence of eight great kingdoms on Terra Legiaris.
In 1150 A.D King Rumius passed away at the ripe old age of 91 years old. His son, King Suamira, was crowned later that year. Within a decade, he managed to squander a large portion of the national coffers. Discontent began to rise in the Kingdom and some began to plan the overthrow of the Hedonist King. In 1199, the Legisatta separatists began a civil war which lasted a year, in which King Suamira was killed by an ambush while leading his army to siege the Legisatta headquarters. His Grand Vizier, defeated the Legisatta separatists and ruled for 5 years as a regent until King Suamira's son became of age. When King Suamira's son, King Rumius II, turned 20 years old he was instated as the third Ermizat King in 1205 A.D.
King Rumius II was almost exactly like his father, although more incompetent. He was manipulated by all his advisors, his court and his wives as well as concubines. His reign signified the gradual downfall of the Ermizat Kingdom. The city of Domgarza was a cesspool of prostitutes, criminals, and conmen yet the only thing the King cared about was his own welfare. He never left his palace for the last five years of his reign because the situation in the city became deplorable. In 1220 the Grand Empire of Shen invaded the North of the Ermizat Kingdom and offered to vassalize the state. King Rumius II refused and committed suicide in his palace on the 13th of August 1220. His brother, King Huamzia, saw no other alternative than to submit to the will of Empress Liu. The area of the Kingdom was severely diminished and the vast gold and silver mines were taken over by the Shen Empire. Thus the Age of Humiliation began.
Age of Humiliation
From 1220 upto Independence,the Ermizat Kingdom was a vassal of the Great Shen Empire. Resources were exploited by the Shen at the expense of the Ermizi and Legisatta groups. During this time, trade routes originating from the Horadam and Aegir Ocean coasts and moving into Shen and Zamastan were established. Traders from Hespia and Catica alike sold their goods at designated ports such as Wasedron, Bayview, Limprostanz and Horadam after which caravans travelled to the interior. Skithian immigrants also settled in the area as well as Germanic tribes from Arcadia-Dazeber. Christianity was introduced by Eirian traders and was quickly adopted by the remaining nobility and the Ermizat King, King Huamzia II, who saw it as a unifying factor in the region.
Secret Christianization of the state was enacted under the noses of the Shen overlords with the help of Arcadia-Dazeberian nobles and Eirian dukes. The titles of the King became Christianized as well as his name, as he was baptised and christened King Charles I. Soon the Ermizat King managed to negotiate a reduction of payment of tribute to once every five years from annually.
In 1520, exactly 300 years after vassalisation under Shen, the Legionite culture was officially recognized as the official culture, a result of intermingling of Ermizi and Legisatta cultures. In the same year King Alexander I was crowned the King of Legionas by the Pope who travelled all the way from Gardavasque. In honour of King Alexander I a new Palace was constructed in the city of Verdesia, a city controlled by Legionas although completely bordered by Shen. King Alexander I negotiated with the Shen Empire for land upto Verdesia which was agreed after payment of a few tonnes of gold and silver. Verdesia was proclaimed as the new capital of the Vassal state of Legionas and exorbitant amounts of the nation's finances on the development of the new capital.
The coffers in the Legionas state were drying up and revenue streams from gold and silver mines were becoming scarce due to the exhaustion of the mines. A drastic decision was made by King Alexander I to tax goods bound to the Shen Empire. This did not go over well with the Shen Officials but after a round of deliberation and King Alexander I presenting his case the decision was allowed, but 10% of the profits would still be given to Shen Empire. This move bolstered the national coffers and a period of large scale development took place.
Horse rearing, arms manufacturing, ship building, extensive mining, basic industrialization and agriculture were introduced in the nation expanding the amount of goods that the nation was able to trade with. With the newly found funds, schools and health centres were introduced for the nobles and middle class, sanitation and sewage lines were built in cities and markets were upgraded and expanded to great standards with the ability to accomodate traders from far and wide. The King's court was staffed with competent Legionite nobles and Shen elites which greatly increased the standards of leadership in the nation.
With the increased instability prevalent in the Shen Empire, discussions into the idea of declaring independence were being considered. The Shen Empire had given the Kingdom wide-ranging autonomy as they were dealing with their own problems. Unlike the Empire, Legionas focused on sciences and mathematics instead of philosophy and art. A secret army was being formed in case of an improbable Shen civil war as a defensive outfit. Cities were becoming more Legionite and straying away from Shen influence. Surprisingly the Heavenly Throne ignored the developments in Legionas even though it was obvious they were getting ready to split from the Empire. In 1716, King Frederick II announced and organized civil disobedience among the Legionites thus affecting trade flowing into Biaking and Sharanfo. The Imperial Shen Army managed to quell the unrest for a while but soon many Legionites from all walks of life felt that enough was enough. On the 19th of November 1740, the Legionite Revolutionary Army rose up on King Leopold I's command and quickly took over the eastern part of the Shen Empire. Before the Shen Army could muster a defense, the Legionite army began to advance to forward defensive positions. The King saw the weakness of the Shen Army and pushed them out of the traditional Ermizat Kingdom land. Thanks to mastery of the land and their superior morale, they managed to decimate the Imperial Shen Army by 1774.
Independence and Outward Expansion
On the 12th of April 1776, The Kingdom of Legionas was born. Early on, the state was divided after the independence war. Various groups had occupied traditional Legionite land and the King set to work to assimilate them. The coasts of Legionas were also full of pirates and illegal whalers. The Kingdom bought and upgraded several Man-o-Wars and Ships-of-the-Line. A former Shen Admiral was hired by the King to head the first Legionite Navy as well as train the King's nephew, Prince Samuel of Wasedron, as a competent admiral and his successor.
Instability caused by the Legionas War of Independence left the Shen Empire weak and ineffective leaving it's border regions, especially in the East ripe for the taking. In 1790, the Legionite Imperial Army launched an offensive capturing large swathes of land to the North and North West. A peace settlement was agreed upon in 1801, two years before the Rhandi War of Independence which was funded heavily by King William I. In 1810, King William I sent an offer to the Heavenly Throne to finalize the borders of the two nations which were agreed upon on Christmas Eve, 1810. For about a decade the Kingdom embarked on consolidation of the newly-acquired lands. Massive public works were undertaken to the North and North West of the nation and assimilation of smaller communities was performed as a matter of National Security. Iron, copper, silver and salt mines were discovered and exploited relentlessly by the Kingdom. Trade routes traversing the entire region originated from coastal cities like Bayview(called Kiraçan at the time) and Wasedron, which grew exponentially as a result of the volume of trade passing through them. The Kingdom prioritised its own economy adopting protectionist policies and imposing tariffs on foreign goods. In 1832 King William I made English the official state language and decreed that all laws must be written in English, inexplicably led to increased integration of the minor cultures by undermining the three dominant cultures. Around this time the possibility of establishing a colony in Hespia was being seriously considered in the King's Court. In 1851, King William I ordered his top Admiral, Captain Allan Erickson, to organize an expedition to Hespia and find a suitable location for the establishment of a Legionite settlement on the continent. Captain Allan Erickson had heard of the riches in Hespia and decided to create a trading company to exploit the resource rich lands to the north before embarking on his maiden voyage. In 1852 an expedition 20 ships strong set out to conquer virgin lands in Hespia for the King. Along the way one ship, a frigate, was shipwrecked off the coast of Iustitia City leading to the deaths of 10 crewmen. The expedition was also attacked by pirates off the Gladysinthian coast in the Strait of Vulkaria forcing the expedition to beach on an island in the Elkjop Bay. The land was somewhat barren except for a large population of wild boars that lived on small patches of grass on the island. The Island was uninhabited although various broken weapons were found on the island indicating the presence of human activity on the island, most likely hunting expeditions. The expeditioners managed to repair their ships using crude materials and headed to the city of Tofino, believed to be south of their current location.
Two ships were separated from the expedition in a storm in the Horseshoe Bay and were shipwrecked off the coast of Point Tarin. Captain Erickson managed to meet Zamastanian President Avi Taures who allowed the Legionites to repair their ships and restore their supplies for no cost whatsoever. The expedition returned to Bayview in 1854, almost two years after they embarked on their mission. They were received warmly at the Palace of Verdesia by King William I, Captain Erickson being knighted for his actions. Captain Erickson's expedition led to the official declaration of interest by Legionas in obtaining a colony in Hespia.
In 1856 a large expedition led by Captain Erickson returned to Hespia, first docking at Tofino, Zamastan's capital, to resupply and finally landing at present day Asmena in Zerphique. There they established a settlement known as Pheasant's Point due to the large amounts of Zerphiquean Pheasants in the area. The settlement was, from the onset, a target of the local native tribes who were hostile to the Legionite settlers. Captain Erickson initiated a series of punitive expeditions to pacify the locals culminating in the capture of 30 locals in total. An understanding was established between the settlers and the locals, although after months of frequent conflict. Captain Erickson returned to Legionas in 1860 after the settlement became self-sustainable and started to expand. He left with the crew of his flagship, The Lützos. The total population of the settlement was 203 people with 15 ships and 100 barrels of gunpowder and 50 crates of ammunition which could last them for two years. Captain Erickson docked at Providence, Zamastan and made an agreement with a local group of farmers to supply the settlers with grain and other agricultural goods on a bi-annual basis. He finally returned to Legionas and informed the King on the success of the settlement and the diverse fauna and flora present in the region. The King gave Captain Erickson's trading company, The South Hespia Company, a mandate to control the development of the colony for 20 years and would receive an annual grant of 17,500 dollars from the Government and an initial loan of 50,000 dollars to buy the required items and trading licenses as well as establishing a Headquarters in Bayview to coordinate all activities of the company.
At this time another naval officer, Captain Otto Von Helmer, saw the possibility of increasing his prestige and status by exploring the Southern Tenebric Ocean. Unfortunately his expedition was far less successful than Captain Erickson's. The hostile environment of the South Tenebric Ocean led to the overall failure of the expedition with only the Indigo Islands and Alszar Archipelago claimed for the King.
The Early 20th Century
The 20th Century was one of,if not, the most hectic centuries in the nation's history. It entered the century as a relatively stable monarchy with a colony in Hespia and emerged from the century as a Rapidly Growing Federation.
Early into 1900, on the 12th of January, the long-reigning King William I passed away in his sleep at Trazmera Palace in Rinfer. He was buried at the Grande église de Saint Louis in a ceremony attended by all remaining monarchs of the IDU as well as a few heads of state. His son and heir-apparent, Prince Christian-Louis of the House of Verdesia assumed the throne and was coronated on the 12th of March 1900 following Royal Protocol. He assumed the name Louis at his coronation and was known as King Louis II of the House of Verdesia during his reign. Over 750,000 visitors came to Verdesia for the celebrations. He became the first Sovereign to take up residence at the brand new Palace of Verdesia. In the first year of his reign he managed to enact several social and economic reforms as well as ordering the demolition of several slum dwellings in the major urban centres such as Bayview and Moense. King Louis II's coronation also coincided with the Second Legionite Industrial Revolution in which massive industrial projects such as the Horadam and North Legionas Railroads which saw the laying of around 37,500 miles of track, the massive Ordstead Iron and Bauxite mines and steel works, electrification works and the laying of the East Catican Telegraph Line. The South Hespian Protectorate, later known as Zerphique, was officially placed under the administration of the crown in 1900 via nationalization of the South Hespian Company after reports of mismanagement of the protectorate which led to the Leofer Rebellion that resulted in widespread devastation of infrastructure and in the protectorate: many condemned the South Hespia Company for permitting the events to occur. In the aftermath of the Rebellion, under the provisions of the South Hespian Act of 1878, the Legionite Government nationalised the company.
. The protectorate was officially established into a colony on the 17th of March 1901. The administrative capital was thus moved from Marasa to New Horadam, situated in the mainland. Slavery was abolished in the colony and small scale mechanization of plantations was enacted, although the natives were still utilized in the plantations as paid laborers. The fertile Eastern highlands of the colony were reserved for exclusive Legionite utilization by the colonial government.
In search for new markets, King Louis II mandated Lord Durgall, one of his advisors to outfit a series of trade expeditions all around the IDU in search for untapped markets. Lord Durgall, after deliberation with other key advisors of the King, decided to outfit two trade delegations towards Hespia. Several convoy ships belonging to the Legionite Royal Navy were prepared as well as a crew of 1150 men and a few hundred tonnes of Legionite industrial goods.The two Trade Delegations set off towards Eastern Hespia where they landed in Libertas Omnium Maximus and Laeral respectively. The delegation which landed in Libertas Omnium Maximus was led by Captain Andrea Friuli. The delegation landed in Iustitia City on the 11th of June 1902. The Laeral-bound delegation was led by Captain Fiumicino Grimaldi and landed at Auvergne on the 17th of May 1902.
Captain Friuli managed to secure a deal with the Maximusian Government led by Bernard Marshall in which Legionas would supply the Maximusians with Steel, textiles and technological expertise in the production of electricity in exchange for livestock, logs and technological expertise in the improvement of the mining sector as outlined in the Legionite-Maximusian Trade Act of 1902. Captain Grimaldi managed to begin talks with the Laeralite Premiere, Ferdinand Saulignac, which led to the signing of a series of treaties in which Legionas would supply the Laeralites with weapons, paper and machine tools in exchange for agricultural products, textiles and technological expertise in the improvement of the agricultural sector as outlined in the Laeralite-Legionite Trade Act of 1902.
The two delegations were successful and the returning captains were received by the King at Wasedron Port. Two ambassadors, Lord Wilkinshire and Lord Rechenburg to the respective nations were soon appointed by the king to maintain diplomatic relations in Laeral and Libertas Omnium Maximus respectively.
The Rhandi State neighboring Legionas was in a state resembling anarchy after a brutal year-long civil war. King Louis II invaded the territory with the desire to incorporate it into the Kingdom. The War of the Hills began on September 15th 1903, led personally by King Louis II. Three armies marched into Rhandi territory, capturing the fishing city of Grizal within weeks of the campaign. The advance of the armies was halted at the Okran River, where the Rhandis had created a series of fortifications on the other side. The Brutal Battle of Okran River commenced on the 21st of October 1903 with a series of artillery barrages followed by the main assault. The Rhandi resistance at the river line was crushed and the Legionites engaged them in a series of melee battles as they tried to retreat towards the fortified city of Saxinavre on the Vraqi Pass. The King, a graduate of the Royal Military College, led his men valorously in the battle alongside Lord Truszad and Lord Durgall. Unfortunately, the armies were unable to destroy the Rhandis who managed to retreat to a more favorable position on the Vraqi Pass. The three armies surrounded the Vraqi Pass and prepared for a bloodbath of a battle. The Rhandi Troops periodically enacted raids on the Legionite troops in the hopes of weakening them. The Legionites were however undeterred and King Louis II ordered an ambitious amphibious landing behind the city. A Fourth Army was thus created and placed under the leadership of Lord Hindenburg. Lord Hindenburg's Army replaced that of King Louis II which took position at the recently captured city of Grizal.
On the 30th of November 1902, in the middle of freezing weather, King Louis II began his amphibious assault. He landed unopposed with his men, 50 miles North-East of Saxinavre. After organizing his troops, King Louis sent a telegram to the three other army leaders ordering them to shell the Fortress City. He began to advance towards the city, wary of his supplies which were quickly dwindling. When he arrived he found a huge battle ongoing, the Battle of Vraqi Pass. The King Ordered his men to hit the Rhandi troops at their rear and managed to completely breakdown the Rhandi communication and supply lines. The battlefield quickly became a sea of bodies from both sides as the Legionites managed to enter the city. The battle continued for days as the city was increasingly destroyed. Frustrated at the resolve of the Rhandi troops, King Louis ordered that city be set fire to. The ensuing blaze almost completely destroyed the entire city and led to the surrender of the Rhandi Forces. King Louis entered Christiania, the Capital of the Rhandi state, victorious after months of war. The Treaty of Christiania was signed on the 21st of January 1903 and the Rhandi state was officially incorporated into the Legionite Kingdom, as the brand new province of Rymaza.
Legionas also participated in the Golden Flag Rebellion of 1903, with King Louis II sending a large army under Lord Hindenburg as well as the Royal Home Fleet under Admiral Otto von Manteuffel to protect Legionite interests in the nation. Admiral von Manteuffel blockaded the nation allowing for Laeralite, Maximusian and Zamastanian forces to safely land in the Shen Empire. Lord Hindenburg's army took part in the Biaking Assault that led to the occupation and burning down of Biaking, suppression of the revolt and formation of the Allied Cities as outlined in the Treaty of Biaking. Legionas received the Legation City of Shizizhen, a Seat in the Allied Council and vast war reparations from the Shen Emperor. King Louis II bought and renovated the Weiyang Manor in Shizizhen from the Heavenly Throne, renaming it to the Shizizhen Autumn Palace.
The 1910's was a mostly peaceful period in Legionas, with the government focusing more on the welfare of the population as well as consolidation of new lands instead of territorial expansion. In 1911 after a coordinated lobbying effort orchestrated by the Liberal nobles present in the Royal Court led by Prince Albert, the King issued a manifesto about the convocation of the Vereinigter Landtag or Imperial Legionite Legislature, initially planned to be a purely advisory body filled by elected upper-class businessman and nobles too low in rank to be invited to the King's Court. The King also initiated a review of the decades-old Supreme Constitution. A Review Council was formed with members from both the King's Court and the Landtag. Several amendments were proposed but it was agreed unanimously that a new constitution was not yet required.
The Golden Twenties
The 1920's saw a dramatic shift in national identity in Legionas; with several cultural, social and artistic revolutions leading to the Kingdom creating a distinctive cultural edge. The decade also saw unprecedented economic prosperity and growth, coinciding with the nation's expansion of formerly underdeveloped industries such as oil exploitation, Aircraft manufacturing among others. This growth was however halted during Black Thursday.
Tensions in the Kingdom
The Legionite Civil War
Outbreak of the war
The Imzatrean Communists
The Fascist Consolidation in the West
The Democrats and the Monarchists Unite
The War in the Seas
The Unholy War
The United Western Push
The Communist Capitulation
The end of the Southern War
The Second Battle of Vraqi Pass
The Northern Offensives
The Fascist Encirclement
The Bombing of Vedinium
Capitulation of the Fascists
The Trials of Dishonor
The Economic Miracle
Reforms following the Civil War
The Daryan Threat
Militarization of the Kingdom
The World War
The Late 20th Century
The Early 21st Century
Modern Day Legionas
Geography, Climate and Environment
Major water bodies
The Legionite Census Bureau estimates that the population of Legionas is 143,515,032 as of March 1 2019 and is increasing at the rate of 1 person (net gain) every 12 seconds or about 6600 people a day. The population of Legionas is on average 39 years old, 40.5 years for men and 38.5 years for women. The population has almost doubled over the last 75 years from an estimated population of 66.2 million as of 1929. In the 20th century the average woman had 4.35 children which played a major factor in the rapid increase in population. The nation did adopt family planning policies later on in the century which led to the decrease in number of children. Since the early 1970's the average number of children in families was 2.7 children per family. To increase the population even further the Legionite government has heavily promoted immigration of citizens of less developed nations which has led to the immigration of around 10 million people as of 2019 mainly for work and education. The foreign born population of Legionas is estimated to be 17.04 million people as of 2019. The population of Legionas is very diverse with around 15 ancestry groups having more than 1 million people. Native born Legionites are the largest group with around 49 million people followed by Ermizi-Legionites, Zerphiquean-Legionites, Rhandi-Legionites, Shenian-Legionites and Legisatto-Legionites. Minorities constitute 41% of the total population. Legionas has a birth rate of 12 per 1,000, which is below the world average. Its population growth rate is positive at 1.1%, h. In fiscal year 2016, more than a million immigrants (most of whom entered through family reunification) were granted legal residence mostly from Vulkaria and Shen. Around 3.9% of Legionites identify as LGBT, 4.3% for women as compared to 3.4% for men. The highest percentage came from Neijiang province while the lowest percentage came from Oradea Province.
Major Populated Areas
Legionas has several major populated areas which have developed over years based on various factors such as Trade, Government Intervention and Natural Resources extraction just to name a few. The largest city of Legionas is Bayview, the former capital city of the nation. Recent large scale immigration into Legionas has led to the rapid growth of formerly small cities such as Sherfield, Limprostanz and Tromzosa.
The table below shows the largest cities in Legionas:
Largest Cities of Legionas based on Population
Legionas has always exhibited a unique amount of diversity among ethnic groups thanks to its strategic position on the Horadam Road, with thousands of merchants, slaves, mercenaries and farmers flocking to the Nation. In modern times, immigration contributes a significant percentage to the national identity of ethnic diversity.
40% of the nation is ethnic Catican-Legonite, the major ethnic group in the nation.19% of the population is ethnically Ermizi-Legionite. 11% of the Population is ethnic Rhandi, and 4% is Legionite-Rhandi. 10% of the population is of Shenian descent, of which a large majority of them have integrated with Legionites, Rhandis and Limprostanzis.6% of the population is of German-Arcadi and Hungarian-Da'zberian descent as a result of the shared border between Legionas and Arcadia-Dazeber and are mostly concentrated in the southern cities of Konigsberg and Horadam. 5% of the population is Limprostanzi, characterized with dark hair and eyes, and cream to tan or dark brown skin tone; olive complexion being especially common. 4.5% of the population are Zerphiquean, a result of immigration from the former colony.4% of the population is Eirian, mainly as a result of immigration. 3.5% is Xiomeran, mostly originating from the Netlcoatl Islands and wider Necatli Tribal Domain. The remaining 3% is amix of Laeralites, Maximusians, Byzconians, Lauchenoirians, Gardavasqueans and Zamastanians.
Most of Legionas' population is fluent in English as it is the official language of the nation. A large percentage of citizens are also bilingual (Around 73% of the population or 90 million inhabitants), being able to speak English and another language such as Ermizi-German, Rhandi, French and Shen-Mandarin. A significantly smaller population is also able to fluently speak Limprostanzi, Latin and Spanish, often as a third language. Small pockets of Xiomeran, Vulkarian and Zerphiquean communities in urban areas are able to speak a total of four languages, often combining all of them to form a unique and rapidly spreading blend of dialect never before seen.
The Supreme Constitution of Legionas guarantees the free exercise of religion and religious practices and forbids the Government from passing laws regarding religion so as to respect its establishment. There is no official state religion of the Federation of Legionas
The 2019 Census showed Christianity as the largest religion in Legionas, with 61.3% identified themselves as Christian, with 12.8% of those not being church members. 51.7% of Christians in the nation declared themselves as Gardavasquean Catholic, 31.2% declared themselves as Protestant, and Orthodox believers constituted 3.3%. 7.9% of Legionites are followers of Minjian faith. Around 3.5% of the population, mostly Xiomeran Immigrants, are followers of the Huenyan Religion. 2% of the population are followers of Islamic Faith with the Sunni Sect being more predominant although by a narrow margin. 1.1% of Legionites, mostly living in Limprostanz are followers of the Limpronstanzi Sect of Judaism. The rest of the population, a staggering 22.2%, are non-religious.
Religious apathy is mostly predominant in the large urban centres with Sherfield being the most irreligious city in the nation. The most religious city in the nation is St Louis, where around 83% of the population identifies with a specific religion.
The Largest religious building in the Nation is The Grande église de Saint Louis in St Louis and is the seat of the head of Catholicism in the nation, The Archbishop of St Louis.
The Healthcare System in Legionas is Universal and single payer that is devolved to the respective provinces of the nation funded via taxation as well as input from the Federal Government. Universal access to publicly funded health services "is often considered by Legionites as a fundamental value that ensures national health care insurance for everyone wherever they live in the country". The Federal Health Service (FHS) is the umbrella term for the publicly-funded healthcare systems of the Federation of Legionas.
The average life expectancy in the Federation of Legionas is 76.32 years, with women having a slightly longer life expectancy of 79.65 years as compared to the Men who have around a 73.03 years.
Education in Legionas is overseen by the Ministry of Education. Regional governments are responsible for the implementation of policy for public education and state-funded schools at a local level.
The Legionite education system is organized into four main stages based on age namely Early education(Ages 3-5), Primary education(Ages 6-13), Secondary Education(Ages 14-18) and Higher Education (Ages 19+).
After the conclusion of each stage an examination is undertaken to assess all students and facilitate transition to the higher level.
Early, primary and secondary education are free and accessible to all families while higher education is subsidized by the federal government.
The Early education system in Legionas is heavily focused on developing the physical, mental, emotional, cognitive and language skills by utilizing Vygotsky’s socio-cultural, Piaget’s constructivist and Kolb's experiential learning theory in a unique blend that ensures the smooth transition into the more abstract primary level. The system is the first level in the Legionite education system and typically admits children at the age of 3 years although reasonable exceptions are considered. It runs for three years after which students are transitioned to primary education after undertaking a practical examination which tests basic arithmetic, logic and linguistic skills. Transition rate is at 99.1% as of the 2012 census.
This is the second stage and first formal stage of the Legionite education system as well as the longest and most important stage. It begins at the age of six years on and runs for eight years after which a national examination is undertaken. There are nine main subjects which are mathematics, english, biology, physics, chemistry, music, social studies, a second language which the student is allowed to choose based on a series of options and physical education or PE. The first year of this stage is known as Year 1 and proceeds all the way to the last year which is known as Year 8. At the end of the school year all students proceed to the next stage. Primary schools in Legionas fall into two stages namely public state funded schools and private independently owned schools. Segregation of genders was banned to foster inter-gender relationships in schools and cooperation.
This is the third stage and second formal stage of the Legionite education system.
This is the final and most advanced stage in the Legionite education system.
The Legionite economy is very diversified, highly developed and market oriented. It is one of the largest economies in the IDU measured by nominal gross domestic product (GDP), purchasing power parity (PPP), and GDP per capita, comprising over 9% of world GDP.
Legionas has a total road network of approximately 2.5 million miles on which 80% of Legionites drive their personal vehicles, one of the highest rates in the IDU. Public transportation is prevalent in urban centres and subsidized as well as managed by regional governments. The average Legionite adult spends 49 minutes travelling 43 kilometres a day. The maintenance of roads is managed by the regional governments and coordinated by the Federal Roads Authority. Roads are Classified in Legionas on an alphabetical basis, conforming with World Assembly regulations. The nation is connected with other IDU nations by continental highways such as the Horadam road which moves from Horadam all the way to Vongane, Quetana as well as a tunnel connecting Legionas to Xiomera. Trucks are less common in Legionas as compared to other IDU nations thanks to an established rail and pipeline transport network which have been subsidized by the government and developed massively to accomodate large volumes of goods as well as passengers. Bicycle use for transport is minimal but expanding at a quick pace thanks to efforts by environmental activists.
There are three main pipeline networks in Legionas, two of which transport natural gas and the other which transports oil. They all end at Port Lutzos Oil Refinery and Terminal. Rail Transportation is relatively cheap and developed in Legionas, the network covering all regions in Legionas. Approximately 60% of goods and 32% of passengers travel by rail over long distances. Use of rail transport by passengers is slowly decreasing though with a decrease of 1.3% expected in 2020. New rail lines are being laid to connect the new capital, Aunistria, to the national rail network. The Legionite rail network is completely electric powered and the trains move at 245 Kilometres Per Hour at top speed. Light rail networks have also been incorporated in to many urban area transport grids to supplement subway networks.
Air transport in Legionas is very developed and supported by the local Airplane manufacturing industry which is the largest in the IDU. The civil airline industry is entirely privately owned and has been largely deregulated since 1992, while most major airports are publicly owned. Legionas' state owned LegionAir is one of the largest in the world having been expanded massively since its nationalization in 2005. Legionas has six major international airports in the largest cities namely Bayview, Wasedron, Verdesia, Horadam, Moense and Limprostanz and a dozen or so regional airports as well as a large number of privately and publicly owned airstrips. Legionas' largest airport, Bayview International Airport is one of the busiest in the world and is connected to every other major airport in the IDU.
Recent innovations in transport technology notably electric cars have been wholeheartedly embraced by the Legionite population due to their subsidization by the government. Most legionite families own at least two cars, one of which being an electric car. Electric car charging stations have cropped up in most, if not all, urban centres. Metro systems have also received increased attention as a great way of decongesting cities and reducing the carbon footprint of the nation. Tram systems and subways have been developed in some urban areas mainly Aunistria, Wasedron, Moense, Verdesia and Sherfield. Thanks to these developments the average time spent by legionites in transit has dropped exponentially, almost in half based on a recent study by Bayview University. The Legionite Government has partnered with Xiomera in the development of a system of bridges and road networks connecting the border islands to the mainland to foster increased development.
The Legionite energy market is about 27,000 terawatt hours per year. Energy consumption per capita is 3.9 tons (3954 kg) of oil equivalent per year based on a 2015 study by the Ministry of Energy, a sharp decline from 1995 when it was at 7.8 tons (7076 kg) . In 2005, 27% of this energy came from nuclear power, 23% from hydrothermal power, 19% from natural gas, 16% from geothermal sources, 15% from coal power, 12% from oil and the rest (3%) from solar and wind sources. The Federation of Legionas is the world's largest producer of geothermal and hydro-electric power. Legionas has 17% of global natural gas and 6% of oil reserves.
The Legionite government passed an environmental accord which pledges to reduce Legionas' carbon footprint by gradually decreasing reliance on coal and oil powered plants and increasing reliance on solar powered and wind powered plants which have been planned to contribute a total of 12% of Legionas' energy by 2015. Projects such as the Alexandros Range Wind Power Project and the Zarmesa Islands Solar Power Projects Phase I and II have so far been completed by the government which have increased the percent of solar and wind power contribution to the power grid from 0.2% to 3% allowing the Government to retire the aging Psian Oil Plant and Ross Ridge Oil Plant which were noted as one of the largest pollutants in the nation
Legionas has partnered with various nations notably Sunemia, Xiomera, Shen and Zerphique to develop more environmentally friendly power generation projects. The Global Development Investment Bank has also provided funds to the Legionite government to aid in the construction of the colossal King Huamzia II Dam project which is the final stage of the Three Kings Mega Dams Project on the Tyria River.
Water Supply and Sanitation
Access to improved water supply and sanitation in the nation is universal. It is estimated that 96.7 per cent of households are connected to the sewer network. Data compiled by the Ministry of Environment have shown that total water abstraction for public water supply in Legionas was 16,406 megalitres per day in 2010. Drinking water standards and wastewater discharge standards in Legionas, as in other countries of the IDU, were formerly determined by the IDU of which Legionas is a member state. Water and sewerage services are provided by regional public companies dependent on the Ministry of Environment the largest of which being the South Legionas Water and Sewerage Company (SLWSCo).
Communication infrastructure in Legionas has evolved from the early days of the telegraph to modern broadband and mobile phone networks with Internet services. Legionas is served by an extensive system of automatic telephone exchanges connected by modern fiber-optic cable networks, coaxial cables, microwave radio relays, and a domestic satellite system; cellular telephone service is widely available, expanding rapidly, and includes roaming service to foreign countries such as Xiomera and Arcadia Dazeber.
The primary regulator of communications in Legionas is the Federal Communications Agency of Legionas.
Legionas is a Federal Republic under Constitutional Monarchy based on the unique Verdesian System only utilized by itself. The Government of Legionas meets in the Brand new Parliament Square in Aunistria.
History of Government
Branches of Government
The Government of Legionas is composed of three distinct branches namely the Royal Branch, Executive Branch, Judicial Branch and Legislative Branch whose powers are clearly defined in the Supreme Constitution of the Federation of Legionas.
This is the symbolic head branch of the Legionite Government. It is headed by the King of Legionas, A hereditary Position under the House of Verdesia.
Legionas maintains a bicameral Legislative system with an upper house known as Senate and a Lower House known as the Chamber of Deputies.
The Supreme Constitution
The Constitution of the Federation of Legionas is the Supreme Law of Legionas. It originally comprises of 10 Articles, delineating the national frame of government.
The Constitution of Legionas was officially Promulgated by King William I on the 12th of April 1874, 100 years after securing independence from the Shen Kingdom. It originally only contained two branches namely the Royal Branch and Judicial Branch.
After the conclusion of the Legionite Civil war in 1940 the constitution was amended to include two more branches namely the Legislative Branch and Executive Branch so as to reduce the influence of the King of Legionas in National Politics. The constitution was amended three more times since 1941.
Major Political Parties
The Federation has four main political parties and over ten more minor parties.
The Legionite Election cycle occurs every 5 years
The Federation of Legionas maintains strong relations with most other nations in the IDU and is considered a Great Power and Beacon of Democracy in the IDU and East Catica in particular.
Legionas' Foreign policy over the years has been that of promoting peace and stability in volatile regions of the IDU as well as maintenance of cordial relations with neighbouring countries and other influential nations.
Legionas has a total of 85 Foreign Missions abroad of varying degrees ranging from small Consulates to massive Embassy complexes.
The Federation of Legionas is a member of the World Assembly and is such bound by all legislation passed by it. Legionas is also a member of the Global Development Investment Bank, a multilateral development bank that works to promote global sustainable development in concert with environmental protection and labor rights. Legionas contributes a total of 0.5 Percent of its GDP to fund the operations of the GDIB which has managed to aid less developed nations improve their infrastructure.
The Federation of Legionas maintains a strong military, mostly as a deterrent against foreign aggression and taking part in peacekeeping missions. A total of 1.35 million personnel are in active military service in all branches. The Legionite Military was first formed in the immediate aftermath of the Legionite civil war in October 12th 1940 as one of the first acts of parliament. Since then the force has continually grown and modernized into the efficient military that it is today. Most of the Military's needs are catered for by the Nation's thriving Arms Industry. The Military's expenditure amounted to 3.7 percent of Legionite gross domestic product (GDP) in the 2019-20 financial year and is expected to be decreased to 3.5 percent in the next financial year.
The Legionite Army
The Imperial Army, also known as the Legionite Army, is a branch of the Legionite Armed Forces focused on land warfare operations. It is also the largest branch within the Legionite Armed Forces with an estimated 350,000 Active personnel as well as a further 1,950,000 in reserve, with the reserve numbers bolstered by the Home Guard. The Headquarters of the Imperial Army is based in
The Royal Navy, also known as the Imperial Legionite Navy, is a branch of the Legionite Armed Forces responsible for conducting naval operations. The Royal Navy consists of a total of around 275,000 Active Servicemen with another 700,000 personnel in reserve as well as a total of 347 vessels. The Flagship of the Royal Navy the , the King Alexander I, part of the Hrímfaxi Class of Aircraft Carriers, officially commissioned in 2015, replacing the aging HMS Grandeur. In the Royal Navy, vessels are given the prefix "HMS", His/Her Majesty's Ship. The Headquarters of Naval command is located at Admiralty Crescent, in Bayview, and the head of the Naval Forces is known as the Supreme Admiral.
The Legionite Air-Force
The Royal AirForce, also known as the Legionite AirForce, is a branch of the Legionite Armed Forces tasked with aerial operations.
The Legionite Marines
The Imperial Marine Corps, also referred to as the Royal Marines, is a branch of the Legionite Armed Forces responsible for conducting expeditionary and amphibious operations alongside the Royal Navy as well as the Army and Air Force. The Imperial Marine Corps was first formed as a part of the Royal Navy, but was separated from it in 1996. The Marines are often known as the primary support branch of the Armed Forces, in that it rarely ever performs operations on its own, but usually supports the larger branches such as the Army and Navy in their operations. The Marines consist of a total of 27,500 active personnel as well as a further 15,300 in reserve duty.
The Royal Albatross Legion
Military Operations in the 21st Century
The Royal Legionite Armed Forces awards and decorations are primarily the medals, service ribbons, and specific badges which recognize military service and personal accomplishments of valour and bravery in the field while a member of the Legionite Armed Forces. Such awards are a means to outwardly display the highlights of a service member's career.
Order of wear
All services use a common order of wear, the following general rules apply
1.The Sovereign Cross and the Rosmana Star of Valour
4.Order of King Rumius the Conqueror (all classes)
5.Federation of Legionas Medals for Gallantry and for Distinguished Service
6.Federation of Legionas Campaign and Operational Service Medals (including authorised International Democratic Union medals and medals of other recognised international organisations). Worn in order of date of award
7.Federation of Legionas Hespia Medals
8.Federation of Legionas Police Medals for Valuable Service
9.Federation of Legionas Jubilee, Coronation and Murlotte Medals
10.Long Service and Efficiency Awards
11.Continental Orders, Decorations and Medals instituted by the Sovereign. Worn in order of date of award.
12.Foreign Orders. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
13.Foreign Decorations. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
14.Foreign Medals. If approved for wear, worn in order of date of award.
Over many centuries, frequent contact and assimilation of other communities and civilizations has led to the development of the unique Legionite culture today. Vestiges of other cultures such as the Ermizi culture still remains although many analysts predict that the assimilation of these smaller cultures into the larger Legionite culture will be imminent. Legionite culture can be felt in almost every nation in the IDU especially its former colony, Zerphique.
The rich blend of cultures in Legionas has led to the ascension of unique dishes enjoyed all around the IDU. Cuisine varies from province to province with neighboring regions share some culinary similarities. Popular international dishes such as Pizza, Xiomeran Fish, South Hespian Sushi, Laeralite Cuisine and Maximusian Food are also widely popular in the nation with restaurants serving the aforementioned dishes prevalent in most urban centres as well as continued preparation by immigrant families.
The Legionite Breakfast is one of the most popular dishes in the IDU. It typically includes bacon, sausages, eggs, black pudding, baked beans, tomatoes and mushrooms with a beverage such as coffee or tea. It comes in different regional variants and is referred to by different names depending on the area. While it is colloquially known as a "Full Fry" in the nation it is known as the "Legionite Fry" in other nations of the IDU.
The National Dish of the nation is Souvre a'le Rezgara, a Stir Fried Roast Beef platter accompanied with white Clove Rice and a generous side of vegetables or X'satre salad served together with Razgia Beer or Alexandros Wine. The dish was created by King William II and incorporated ingredients from all provinces in the nation. The original recipe is still taught today in culinary classes and ingredients are easy to find in all stores around the nation
Roast Mutton is also mainstay of Legionite cuisine is prepared in most homes especially during important holidays. The meat is usually accompanied with sides of rice, potatoes, X'satre Salad and Whole wheat Bread.
Although Alexandros Red Wine is historically popular especially in the Northern Regions of Legionas, the national Alcoholic drink is Clove Beer namely the Razgia and Friase Brands. Vineyards are still dominant in Regensburg Province where tradition prevails and the City of Hartford is still considered the wine capital of the nation.
Sports in Legionas consist of a wide variety of games enjoyed all around the nation. The national sport is Football while other important and widely enjoyed sports include Basketball, Rugby, Swimming, Athletics, Car and Horse Racing, Racquet Games and Baseball.
The Legionite Entertainment Industry is one of the most dominant in the International Democratic Union, competing with fellow giants such as Zamastan, Libertas Omnium Maximus and Laeral.
The Legionite Music Industry is one of the Largest in the IDU with hundreds of popular and talented composers, musicians and ensembles developed by the industry. Music broadcasting in the country is regulated by the Royal Music Regulatory Agency under the Ministry of Culture.
The City of Verdesia one of the leaders in motion picture production competing with the City of Tofino to become the undisputed Motion picture Capital of the IDU. The city hosts the annual Verdesia International Film Festival which runs for around two week each February showcasing over 250 films and is one of the larger film festivals in the IDU after the IDU Film Festival. The venue of the festival, The Grand Avenue Theater, consistently runs independent films throughout the rest of the year. Other theaters of significant importance in the nation include Hartford's Meridian Amphitheater, Moense's Onyx Grand Theater, Wasedron's Obelisk Theater and Bayview's Golden Gate Assembly Hall.
Literature, Philosophy and Art
Many stereotypes are prevalent in global culture about Legionites, some of them untrue but others, although exaggerated to a degree, are true. One that is considered as a fact is that Legionites are voracious beer drinkers.
Officially Legionites are the drink the most beers per capita and the annual Festival of the Clove Harvest is a popular festival in Legionas famed for the sheer amounts of alcohol consumed, especially Legionite made Razgia and Friase clove beer.
Other stereotypes which are somehow true are that; Legionite women are more insecure than other women in the IDU, Legionite children read more novels than other children, most Legionites hate tea, most Legionites love camping and other outdoor activities and most Legionites own guns and have participated in a hunting activity at some point in their lives.