Libertas Omnium Maximus
|The Federal Republic of Libertas Omnium Maximus|
Motto: “Semper et deinceps, semper supra!”
Ever Onward, Ever Upward!
Anthem: “We shall march (Ever Onward)”
|Official languages||Latin (written), English (spoken and written)|
|Ethnic groups (2018)||75% Caucasian, 15% Asian, 3% African, 1% Hispanic, 6% Other|
|Demonym||Libertas Omnium Maximusian|
|Government||Federal Presidential Constitutional Republic|
• Congressional Speaker
|Vox Rigionum of Congress|
|Vox Populi of Congress|
• 2018 estimate
|GDP (PPP)||2018 estimate|
• Per capita
|Currency||Maximusian Dollar (MXD)|
|Drives on the||right|
Libertas Omnium Maximus, commonly referred to by its acronym, "L.O.M.", is one of many nations of the International Democratic Union. LOM joined the IDU In July 2017, and joined the larger NationStates community in April of that same year. Libertas Omnium Maximus is a Democratic Republic led by President Lucas Brown, a former Congressman, and successful lawyer.
The Nation itself was officially recognized as its own, sovereign, entity in 1802, after 10 years of civil war with the larger Nation, Valahandia. Since 1802, the Nation has grown in size, population, and international respect. With this said, Libertas Omnium Maximus is still led by the guiding principals of freedom, equity, and the right to live free of fear to this day. It only borders one officially recognized nation, Conternia, but is situated very near to Lauchenoiria to the east and Groot Gouda to the west.
In 2017, Libertas Omnium Maximus appointed Daniel McRoy to be its first ambassador to the World Assembly. Libertas Omnium Maximus is also a member state of the IDUSA and the IDU’s former International Affairs Committee.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
The name Libertas Omnium Maximus, pronounced, Li-bear-tas Um-knee-um Max-im-us, is a nonsensical translation of "A great amount of Liberty for everyone" from English to Latin. The phrase was coined by revolutionaries in 1832 and, after Libertas Omnium Maximus's conversion to democracy, was made the official name of the fledgling nationstate. The name Iustitia, pronounced, Ewe-stith-ee-uh, was the original name of the nation it means "Isle of Gulls" in the dead language of Vønariæn, the language spoken by the Valahandians. The name is derived from Ius, meaning "isle or island" and tithiæ, meaning "gulls."
Eras of Antiquity
At some point around 1200 B.C, several clans of indigenous Hespian people migrated from the north and northwest of the continent down into what is now the Augustine province of Libertas Omnium Maximus. It is believed that they migrated after several unrelated natural dissasters uncured in northern Hespia. For the most part, the clans battled and fought over territory for nearly the entirety of their existence. Infact, they nearly wiped themselves out after one clan, know as the Talbó people, attempted to poison the Brilen river, killing everything downstream. This attempt would have worked, had a flash flood not pushed most of the potent poison, which was derived from a noxious bush, up onto the river banks, where it harmlessly seeped into the ground.
The clans, while they practiced different ceremonies, spoke different languages, and lived in different ways, all worshiped the same, pegan god. He is known to history as Tánuai, the sun god. This religion is still thriving in todays indigenous Maximusian population which makes up approximately 1.7% of the population.
By 1200 A.D, the people began moving north, out of Libertas Omnium Maximus. It is still unknown why this happened, however, it may have been because of a severe heat wave that lasted nearly a year and destroyed most of their primitive crops. Only one clan remained on the land, the Tanú people who moved west into Libertas Omnium Maximus. They remain there to this day.
In the year 1266 A.D, settlers, led by the great explorer Eldred Feorer, arrived from Valahandia and first set foot on the Island of Iustitia. Over the next 400 years, Iustitia grew to become the wealthiest region in all of the Kingdom of Valhandia. The Island made its money off of fishing. The Iustitians were master fisherman and brought in more trout, cod, salmon, haddock, and tuna in the year of 1560 than the rest of Valhandia combined.
Overtime the once mighty Kingdom of Valahandia began to weaken. It’s borders were being overrun by savages, who ransacked and pillaged Valhandian villages. The Island of Iustitia however, continued to thrive due to to its isolated position. The leaders of Iustitia soon realized that it was only a matter of time until the Kingdom was destroyed. The Iustitians decided to break with Valahandia in order to avoid going down with the kingdom when it inevitably collapsed. King Morvaan II would not agree to loose his wealthiest region.
In the year of 1798, King Morvaan led his naval armada against the fishing vessels of the Iustitians. After more than 3 days of intense, ship to ship, conflict, King Morvaan II was vanquished by a group of elite Iustitian marines, who snuck board Morvaan’s ship, the Coquerer and stabbed him to death as he attempted to leap overboard. Disheartened and leaderless, the Valhandian armada turned tail and fled. The Iustitians had won the day.
After 4 additional years of diplomatic negotiation between Iustitia and Valahandia, Queen Galhawendel, Morvaan II’s daughter, agreed to allow Iustitia to operate as an independent state. The Nation was led by a group of elders called “The Wisdom.” They held unchecked, absolute power.
In 1820, the newly formed Iustitian government purchased the nearby Island of Sentinel along with hundreds of miles of uncharted wilderness on the continent of Hespia from Queen Galhawendel. This purchase allowed the citizens of Iustitia to be less cramped and own more land per capita. It also gave the Iustitians a chance to diversify their exports by growing crops on a larger scale.
Very few Iustitians were in liked The Wisdom from the start, and more and more citizens began to resent The Wisdom when they declared themselves to be “supreme descendants of God.” However, The Wisdom continued to rule Iustitia until May 10, 1836, when a mob of angry liberal protestors stormed the Wisdom’s palace and killed four of the elders. The leader of the coup, Michael J. Chaucer declared himself “president” and attempted to establish a democratic government immediately after.
Some of The Wisdom’s supporters attempted to retake the palace on two occasions that year however both were unsuccessful and after six months of civil war, Chauncey was democraticly elected, by a popular vote of the people, to be Iustitia’s first president. The liberals had taken the day and, while likely in a euphoric (and possibly intoxicated) state, burned the palace to the ground.
On September 17, 1837, the name Iustitia was removed from all official plaques, ledgers, documents, pamphlets, books, and anything else Chaucer’s compatriots could get their hands on. The Nation was officially renamed Libertas Omnium Maximus and the Capitol was moved to the small but quaint city of Litudinem, which was situated near the Lyn river. The old Iustitian Government was no more.
From roughly 1840-1932 is often regarded as the nation's Golden Age. Over this 92 year period, Libertas Omnium Maximus, grew and thrived as a nation. It's economy boomed to the gargantuan size that it is today. Huge strides in science were also made in this era. While famous chemists such as Pierre León and Paul Wilkins where developing the Atomic Theory, engineers like Alfred Köln and Robert S. Fitzgerald were building combustion engines and developing motorcars. Crime rates were also particularly low during this period due to an outright lack of joblessness and relatively low poverty levels. This "Golden Age" came to a crashing halt in 1952 when rampant inflation and overvalued properties caused a market crash. It took until the 1990's before this depression was overcome and the nation could rebound to Powerhouse nation that it is today.
The Island of Iustitia has relatively rugged terrain. The Island has a maximum elevation of 9,011 feet and an average height of 300 feet above sea level. The Island of Sentinel is comprised entirely of cliff faces, many reaching over 4,000 feet above sea level. The mainland of Libertas Omnium Maximus has a much milder terrain. It is relatively flat with some small hills in the West and North and the Canis Mountains in the North. There is also some swamp-land in the south. The tallest mountain in Libertas Omnium Maximus is Mt. Seńieli in Sentinel. It stands 14,682 feet above sea level. The lowest point are the bogs of Vånør. They lie just north-east of Litudinem and have a mean elevation of -256 feet.
Libertas Omnium Maximus has a temperate, continental climate. All regions of The Libertas Omnium Maximus experience four distinct seasons. The spring and fall lasts slightly less time than the winter and summertime. The Mainland of LOM experiences slightly more moderate temperatures than the two islands. This is due to the fact that the breezes and intense winds do not often reach The dense forests of the Mainland.
The two Islands experience much less rain than the Mainland. With this said, all of Libertas Omnium Maximus experiences a few months in the winter where they receive high levels of precipitation. This usually comes in the form of snow or hail.
Due to its reletivly large size, Libertas Omnium Maximus is filled with many species of flora and fauna. The many rivers, brooks, and streams of the mainland are populated by salmon, minows, trout, bass, and many species of fresh water fish. The cold temperature of these rivers however, prohibits the existence of any tropical fish or plants. In the sea, haddoc, sole, tuna, and Great White Sharks, among many other species of fish, can be found.
The Mainland is made up almost entirely of Pine Forests. These trees provide habitat for squirrels, rabbits, bobcats, wolves, bears, mountain lions, and many species of fish. These woods are very serene and atract nature lovers from around the world.
The two Island, due to their rugged composition, are home to only a few species of seabirds, dune grass and a few trees. The Island are known for their beaches and architecture, not their wildlife.
Law and Order
Libertas Omnium Maximus has a cutting edge legal system. Currently, if you are caught committing a crime and are a Maximusian Citizen, you will be fined or jailed according to the severity of your crime. This could be anywhere between $25 (1st offense speeding) and a Life sentence. With that said, an accused individual should hire a lawyer to represent them before a jury of their peers. The lawyer may be able to negate the charges all together, as it is the job of a state prosecutor to prove the defendant's guilt. If this jury does find an individual to be guilty, the Judge presiding over the case will determine the punishment.
Any individual may appeal their case to a higher court. There are currently 3 levels of court, the County Court (The county where one lives), a Province Appellate Court (the province where one lives), and, finally, the High Court, based in Litudinem. All High Court decisions are final and are made by a group of 7 Judges, called "Justices".
The death penalty was outright banned in 2018 by the Maximusian Federal Legislature, and had been individually banned by every province since 2003. Corporal Punishment has not yet been baned by the Maximusian Legislature. With this said, every county in Libertas Omnium Maximus has made the punishment illegal, therfore, it is no longer in use. The only exclusion to this fact is for those convicted of treason. They are usually shot or hanged until dead.
The Libertas Omnium Maximus Government is devided into two distinct sections: The Fedral Government, and the Provincial Government. There are 5 Maximusian Provinces, each with their own provincial government. The provincial governments are in charge of raising taxes to support their own fire department, EMT service, and police force. The provincial governments are also charged with upholding justice in their province. The last duty of the provincial government is to make laws that will effect only their province. Those laws may directly appose that of the federal government. This gives the provincial governors, who are directly elected by their province, a large amount of power.
The Fedral Government is split into two sections, the Executive and Legislative branches. The Legislative Branch is bi-cameral: The Vox Regionum and the Vox Populi. The Vox Regionum is made up of 10 Congressmen from each province. They are all directly elected by their respective provinces and serve 6 year terms. The Vox Populi consists of a certain number of Congressmen for each Province based on population, they are elected for 4 year terms. Both houses meet once per month (usually on the 29th) to ratify legislation which can be proposed any time by any Congressperson. Congress may meet behind closed doors to create a declaration of war or to create a new tax bill, however, they may open their doors to the public if they choose or are ordered to do so by the president. Congress’s main jobs are to collect Fedral income taxes, make declarations of war, create and propose legislation, and, if nesssary, vote to impeach the president.
The Executive branch, which consists of the president, his/her cabinet, and his/her advisors, are in charge of commanding the military of Libertas Omnium Maximus, signing off on legislation, which is required before it can pass and become a law, and serving as the nation’s figurehead. The branch is led, unsurprisingly, by the president, who essentially performs almost every duty of the executive branch to a degree. His advisors are essentially there for advice and support. The president is elected once every 4 years by an electoral college that is directly influenced by a popular vote. The president may serve as many terms as he/she can. In addition, the president may choose his own cabinet and advisors.
Foreign Relations and Military
Libertas Omnium Maximus has a relatively large military that consists of ground forces, a navy, a marine corps, a coast guard, and a small peacekeeping corps. This military however, rarely sees action due to the fact that Libertas Omnium Maximus has formed good relationships with most nations of the IDU, World Assembly, and the rest of the world. On top of this, LOM is a relatively Pacifist nation that rarely instigates conflict. With this said, LOM’s armed forces were recently deployed in Lauchenoiria, along with many other IDU forces in the Second Lauchenoirian Civil War, which began when numerous outside forces attempted to put an end to Suleman Chaher’s controversial coup d’etat and reinstate a Democratic government or oppose them. A total of approximately 5,300 Maximusian ground soldiers were deployed in Lauchenoiria throughout the duration of the campaign.
The conduct of one battalion, the 16th Battalion, in said conflict is currently under investigation for using overly aggressive tactics which endangered the lives of civilians during the 2nd Battle of Carville.
The Maximusian Government has diplomats in most international organizations. These include the International Democratic Union States Assembly, the World Assembly, and, formerly, the International Affairs Committee.
Trade and Energy
The Maximusian Economy is incredibly strong and relatively diverse. The economy is lead by the logging industry and fishing industry. Along with these, the textile and mining industries make up most of Libertas Omnium Maximus’s GDP. The farming of livestock, manufacturing of arms, furniture, and mechanical parts, make up effectively the rest of the economy’s output.
The Nation is powered by a great variety of sources including fossil fuels, along with nuclear power plants, solar energy, and wind farms. Nuclear power plants are the most common source of energy in Libertas Omnium Maximus. They make up nearly 72% of LOM’s energy production and, unlike in many other nations, there has yet to be a nuclear catastrophe in Libertas Omnium Maximus.
Most citizens of Libertas Omnium Maximus live in rural areas where public transit would be impractical to implement if not impossible. Those citizens generally drive cars as their transportation. The cities however, have both bus and subway systems in place to efficiently and economically move the masses. There are also multiple railway lines and airports that allow for traveling long distances over the rural areas of Libertas Omnium Maximusand to other parts of the IDU.
Public health insurance is minimal but effective in Libertas Omnium Maximus. The government operates several affordable healthcare services which cover those whose income bracket qualifies them. However, most healthcare is provided by the private sector, which does receive some government subsidization. Maternity leave lasts a minimum of two weeks, legally. The average Maximusian lives to be 84. Most Maximusians live healthy lives and birth rate is relatively high.
In Libertas Omnium Maximus, all citizens are required to go through 12 years of schooling. This schooling is provided by the taxpayers of LOM. All public schools are free to attend and adhere to universal teaching methods. After primary school, citizens may opt to go to privately funded colleges to receive an advanced degree and may move from there to specialist education academies such as a law or medical school.
Although 87.8% of Maximusians are Christian, no religion is mandatory in Libertas Omnium Maxiumus. The church is deliberately kept completely seperate from the government. With this said, Christian ideology has sunk into the government to the deepest level and it is customary that a prayer to God for help and guidance be made before Congress begins any session.
Maximusians are, for the most part, deeply religious people. Homosexuality is legal in LOM but is frowned upon by the church. Most Maximusians live in large households with their children, cousins, parents, and siblings. The average household size is 8. Because of this, Maximusians don’t tend to move around much in their life and the average Maximusian will die within 50 miles of his/her birthplace. Recreational Drug use is prohibited.
The primary spoken language of Libertas Omnium Maximus is English. Latin, the language in which all official contracts and bills are written in, is a required language. All citizens must be able to read and write it. As a result, it is taught early on in primary school. French, German, and Spanish are also very prevalent in various regions of Libertas Omnium Maximus.